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Pronunciation ['ɛnt̪ɛɹd̪ɔs 'ʌɹɛnd̪]
Spoken natively in Enterdos, Sviet, Xencie, Erkini, Deren, Inmenerdon; worldwide as a minority language.
Language family
  • Endonoan
    • Enterdese
Early forms:
Old Enterdese
  • Enterdese
Writing system Kneian (Enterdese alphabet)
Official status
Official language in

Union of the Iede Archipelago

Minority language:
Regulated by Enterdese Language Council

Enterdese is an Endonoan language that was first spoken in early Enterdos and is an official language in Enterdos, Sviet, Erkini, Deren, Inmenerdon and Xencie. It is spoken as a first language by the majority population of Enterdos. It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the Union of the Iede Archipelago.


Classification and related languages[]

The Enterdese language belongs to the Endonoan branch of the Kneian language family. Modern Enterdese is a direct descendant of Old Enterdese itself a descendant of Proto-Endonoan. The closest living relatives of Enterdese are Donerz (spoken mainly in Donerze and on the island of Resia) and Lesh (spoken mainly in Les).

Enterdese is (partially) mutually intelligible with Donerz and Lesh sharing a similar vocabulary and grammar, as well as living in close approximation to each other.

Geographical distribution[]

Country Total Percent of population First language As an additional language Population
Deren 42,636,000 57% 32,164,000 10,472,000 74,800,000
Enterdos 65,241,000 99% 63,923,000 1,318,000 65,900,000
Erkini 1,128,411,000 81% 863,722,000 264,689,000 1,393,100,000
Inmenerdon 47,250,000 42% 10,125,000 37,125,000 112,500,000
Sviet 22,518,000 54% 9,591,000 12,927,000 41,700,000
Xencie 73,598,000 49% 60,080,000 13,518,000 150,200,000


Enterdese has eight main dialects:

  • Western Enterdese, the dialect spoken in most of Western Enterdos, which includes Royal Enterdese - the official dialect
  • Eastern Enterdese, the dialect spoken in most of Eastern Enterdos, which originated in Mieklen and Kenterin
  • Alden Enterdese, the dialect spoken by the Alden islanders, influenced by Namivian and Lesh
  • Svietenterdese, the dialect spoken in Sviet, heavily influenced by the Sviet language
  • Xencie Enterdese, the dialect spoken in the former Enterdese colony of Xencie, heavily influenced by the now extinct Xencian
  • Deren Enterdese, the dialect spoken in the former Enterdese colony of Deren, heavily influenced by Thërian
  • Erhenoss Enterdese, the dialect spoken in the former Enterdese colony of Erkini, heavily influenced by Erhenoss
  • Inmenerian Enterdese, the dialect spoken in the former Enterdese colony of Inmenerdon, heavily influenced by Inmenerian

Some more characteristic but less widespread regional dialects include:

  • Highland Enterdese, also known as Southern Enterdese, occurs in the mountainous area bordering Donerze, Les and Namivia. It is heavily influenced by Donerz and Namivian.


The phonology (sound system) of Enterdese differs between dialects. The descriptions below are most closely applicable to the standard variety known as Royal Enterdese


The table below shows the system of consonant phonemes that functions in most major varieties of Enterdese. The symbols are from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and are also used in the pronunciation keys of many dictionaries.

Consonant phonemes of Enterdese
  Bilabial Labio-
Dental Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal
aspirated plain
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop b t̪  d̪ k  ɡ
Affricate ts tʃ  dʒ
Fricative f  v θ  ð s  z ʃ  ʒ h
Approximant ɹ j w
Lateral l


The system of vowel phonemes and their pronunciation is subject to some variation between dialects. The table below lists the vowels found in Royal Enterdese. The vowels are represented with symbols from the International Phonetic Alphabet.

Royal Enterdese
Front Central Back
long short long short long short
Close i  ɪ
Mid ə ɔː ɔ
Open a  ʌ



The majority of words in Enterdese derive from Old Enterdese whose words in turn derive from Proto-Endonoean and Old Kneian. Its origin, like that of most Kneian languages can be traced back, through the Endonoan branch, to Proto-Kneian.


The Enterdese counting system is partially decimal and partially centesimal.

Cardinal numbers in Enterdese from 1 to 20 are as follows:

  • One: kauē /'kaʌə/
  • Two: setr /sɛt̪ɹ/
  • Three: hīr /hiːɹ/
  • Four: tame /'t̪amɛ/
  • Five: ērai /ə'ɹai/
  • Six: pīau /'p̪iaːʌ/
  • Seven: dajmo /'d̪ajmɔ/
  • Eight: aare /a'aɹɛ/
  • Nine: nurai /nʌ'ɹai/
  • Ten: kauēzai /'kaʌəzai/
  • Eleven: kauēzai-kauē /'kaʌəzai 'kaʌə/
  • Twelve: kauēzai-setr /'kaʌəzai sɛt̪ɹ/
  • Thirteen: kauēzai-hīr /'kaʌəzai hiːɹ/
  • Fourteen: kauēzai-tame /'kaʌəzai 't̪amɛ/
  • Fifteen: kauēzai-ērai /'kaʌəzai ə'ɹai/
  • Sixteen: kauēzai-pīau /'kaʌəzai 'p̪iaːʌ/
  • Seventeen: kauēzai-dajmo /'kaʌəzai 'd̪ajmɔ/
  • Eighteen: kauēzai-aare /'kaʌəzai a'aɹɛ/
  • Nineteen: kauēzai-nurai /'kaʌəzai nʌ'ɹai/
  • Twenty: setrzai /'sɛt̪ɹzai/

Writing system[]